Colposcopy is an advanced diagnostic test that can help determine the underlying cause of an abnormal Pap test. As a leading OB/GYN in Phoenix, Dr. David L. Greenspan has extensive experience in colposcopy. Colposcopy procedures are painless and performed at his practice. Call to make your appointment with Dr. Greenspan for the thorough testing and clear diagnosis you need, or book your appointment online.
A colposcopy is a diagnostic exam that’s performed to look for areas of abnormal tissue on your cervix and inside your vaginal canal. The exam uses a colposcope, an instrument equipped with a light and a magnifier, to make the evaluation easier.
Colposcopy is most often performed after a Pap smear returns an abnormal result.
Pap tests are performed primarily to look for precancerous cells or other abnormal cells that indicate either the presence of cancer or an increased risk for cancer. Most abnormal Pap test results are caused by infections with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Changes in hormonal levels can also cause an abnormal result. Colposcopy can help determine the specific cause while ruling out others.
Your colposcopy will begin in the same way as a regular pelvic exam: While you lie on your back on the exam table, Dr. Greenspan will use a lubricated speculum to gently widen your vaginal canal.
Then, he’ll apply a special solution that makes abnormal tissue “stand out” so it’s easier to see.
The colposcope will be positioned at the vaginal opening so Dr. Greenspan can obtain a clear view of the cervix and vaginal canal. In addition to providing a direct view of these areas, the colposcope can also be equipped with a camera so patients may visualize as well. In most cases, you can expect your colposcopy to take about 20 minutes.
In most cases, you can expect your colposcopy to take about 20 minutes.
A colposcopy exam is completely painless.
The purpose of a colposcopy is to look for abnormal tissue so it can be evaluated.
If Dr. Greenspan sees any areas that look unusual or “suspicious,” he’ll probably take a very small tissue sample (a biopsy) for evaluation under a microscope.
After a biopsy, you might have some light bleeding or spotting for a few days, and you’ll need to avoid tampons, douching, and sexual intercourse while the area heals.